My own music is based on two traditions: Western pop and Indian classical music. My experience of these two musical forms illustrates the very different understanding of ‘spirituality’ in the East and West.
Western pop is rooted in mass entertainment (Victorian music hall, folk, the blues etc), and generally provides people with a way to express their frustrations at the limitations of their ordinary working and romantic lives. It is essentially a ‘release’ mechanism, that bonds communities in shared suffering. Gospel and church music, while overtly ‘spiritual’ expressions of popular music, in fact share this ‘secular’ nature; their lyrics refer to a future that will be brighter, either on this earthly plane, or in the hereafter. (Western classical, like jazz, while addressing a much smaller ‘mass’ audience, functions in the same way as an emotional release, but adds an intellectual component).
The approach to ‘spirituality’ in the East is totally different. The authors of the Upanishads, Buddha and the dhyan/chan/zen tradition have no ‘beliefs’ or gods. Theirs is a scientific exploration of inner space. Indian classical music has its origins in these explorations and addresses both issues and an audience that are uniquely Eastern. Superficially there are obvious parallels with Western church music in the longing and devotion expressed in the lyrics. But unlike church music the lyrics used by Indian classical vocalists are actually incidental to the true spiritual content of the music. This spiritual basis is the mysterious ‘raga’. Those of us who play ragas mostly experience them as a discovery rather than a creation. It is as if they pre-existed and await our explorations.
Hindu mythology has explained this pre-eminence of sound as the primordial ‘Om’, a sound that brought the universe into existence. Thousands of years of meditation and exploration of the Om by mystics, and the building of accoustically suitable temples for these experiments, resulted in the discovery of patterns of vibrations that have direct effects on the human body, mind and soul. These are the ragas.
While I love Western music for it’s ability to express the range of my emotions from sadness to joy, whenever I return to Indian classical ragas I feel something deeper opening: a tremendous sense of space; a silence behind the sound; a merging with a vast ocean. To me this is true spirituality; it hopes for nothing, it fears nothing. The music comes far closer than words to expressing its unexpressableness.